Diabetes Education FNQ
Type 1 Diabetes
In Type 1 Diabetes the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is required by the body to convert sugar into energy. As the body is not producing adequate amounts of insulin the person with Type 1 Diabetes requires daily insulin injections (numerous times a day) to maintain a correct chemical balance. If untreated this condition is potentially life threatening. Type 1 Diabetes is usually diagnosed early in life; although the exact cause is not yet known there is a strong genetic link.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes can be diagnosed at any time during life. Causes can be, but not limited to; lifestyle, genetics, family history. In this condition the pancreas still produces insulin in varying degrees depending on the person and the amount of beta cell destruction. The person with Type 2 Diabetes manages this condition with dietary changes, physical activity and medication support.
Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed at 24-28 weeks gestation through oral glucose tolerance testing. It develops due to hormones secreted by the placenta and increased demand for insulin production during pregnancy. Gestational Diabetes is managed by dietary modifications and where required medication support.
Pre Conception Care
Women who already have Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes and are planning to become pregnant can receive education and support to optimise their health and the health of their baby during pregnancy.